Home ➜ **Excel Basics**

The truth is: before you go for a job interview, you must have basic knowledge of Microsoft Excel. From an accountant to a receptionist, human resources to administration departments all are using Microsoft Excel.

It is not only limited to large companies, small entrepreneurs and college students are using it for their day-to-day work. That’s something which you can’t skip. To get a job, learning basic Excel tasks (at least some) is a must in today’s era, that’s a firm truth.

And, to help you in this I have compiled this guide. This guide will help you to learn all those basics using some examples. And some of the most important beginner’s tutorials.

So without further ado let’s get down to the business.

## Introduction to Microsoft Excel

There is a number of spreadsheet programs but of all of them, Excel is the most widely used. People have been using it for the last 30 years and throughout these years, it has been upgraded with more and more features.

The best part about Excel is, that it can apply to many business tasks, including statistics, finance, data management, forecasting, analysis, tracking inventory & billing, and business intelligence. Following are the few things which it can do for you:

- Number Crunching
- Charts and Graphs
- Store and Import Data
- Manipulating Text
- Templates/Dashboards
- Automation of Tasks
- And Much More…

The three most important components of Excel you need to understand first:

### 1. **Cell**

A cell is a smallest but most powerful part of a spreadsheet. You can enter your data into a cell either by typing or by copy-paste. Data can be a text, a number, or a date. You can also customize it by changing its size, font color, background color, borders, etc. Every cell is identified by its cell address, cell address contains its column number and row number (If a cell is on the 11th row and on column AB, then its address will be AB11).

### 2. **Worksheet**:

A worksheet is made up of individual cells which can contain a value, a formula, or text. It also has an invisible draw layer, which holds charts, images, and diagrams. Each worksheet in a workbook is accessible by clicking the tab at the bottom of the workbook window. In addition, a workbook can store chart sheets; a chart sheet displays a single chart and is accessible by clicking a tab.

### 3. **Workbook**

A workbook is a separate file just like every other application has. Each workbook contains one or more worksheets. You can also say that a workbook is a collection of multiple worksheets or can be a single worksheet. You can add or delete worksheets, hide them within the workbook without deleting them, and change the order of your worksheets within the workbook.

## Microsoft Excel Window Components

Before you start using it, it’s really important to understand what’s where in its window. So ahead we have all the major components which you need to know before entering the world of Microsoft Excel.

**Active Cell**: A cell that is currently selected. It will be highlighted by a rectangular box and its address will be shown in the address bar. You can activate a cell by clicking on it or by using your arrow buttons. To edit a cell, you double-click on it or use F2 as well.**Columns**: A column is a vertical set of cells. A single worksheet contains 16384 total columns. Every column has its own alphabet for identity, from A to XFD. You can select a column by clicking on its header.**Rows**: A row is a horizontal set of cells. A single worksheet contains 1048576 total rows. Every row has its own number for identity, starting from 1 to 1048576. You can select a row by clicking on the row number marked on the left side of the window.**Fill Handle**: It’s a small dot present in the lower right corner of the active cell. It helps you to fill numeric values, text series, insert ranges, insert serial numbers, etc.**Address Bar**: It shows the address of the active cell. If you have selected more than one cell, then it will show the address of the first cell in the range.**Formula Bar**: The formula bar is an input bar, below the ribbon. It shows the content of the active cell and you can also use it to enter a formula in a cell.**Title Bar**: The title bar will show the name of your workbook, followed by the application name (“Microsoft Excel”).**File Menu:**The file menu is a simple menu like all other applications. It contains options like (Save, Save As, Open, New, Print, Excel Options, Share, etc).**Quick Access Toolbar**: A toolbar to quickly access the options which you frequently use. You can add your favorite options by adding new options to the quick access toolbar.**Ribbon**: Starting from Microsoft Excel 2007, all the options menus are replaced with ribbons. Ribbon tabs are a bunch of specific option group which further contains the option.**Worksheet Tab**: This tab shows all the worksheets which are present in the workbook. By default you will see, three worksheets in your new workbook with the names Sheet1, Sheet2, and Sheet3 respectively.**Status Bar**: It is a thin bar at the bottom of the Excel window. It will give you instant help once you start working in Excel.

## Basic Excel Knowledge To Perform Activities

Below I have listed some of the most important Basic Microsoft Excel tutorials which can be helpful for you in day-to-day work.

- Add and Delete a Worksheet
- Add and Remove Hyperlinks
- Add Watermark in Excel
- Apply Accounting Number Format
- Apply Background Color to a Cell
- Delete Hidden Rows
- Deselect Cells in Excel
- Draw a Line in Excel
- Excel Fill Justify
- Formula Bar in Excel
- Excel Gridlines (Remove, Shortcut, Print, & Change Color)
- Add a Button in Excel
- Add a Column in Excel
- Add a Header and Footer in Excel
- Add Page Number in Excel
- Apply Comma Style in Excel
- Apply Strikethrough
- Convert Negative Number into Positive
- Group Worksheets
- Highlight Blank Cells in Excel
- Insert a Timestamp
- Insert Bullet Points in Excel
- Make Negative Numbers Red in Excel
- Merge – Unmerge Cells in Excel
- Rename Sheet in Excel
- Select Non-Contiguous Cells in Excel
- Show Ruler in Excel
- Spell Check in Excel
- Fill Handle in Excel
- Format Painter in Excel
- View Two Sheets Side by Side in Excel
- Increase and Decrease Indent in Excel
- Insert an Arrow in a Cell in Excel
- Quick Access Toolbar in Excel
- Remove Page Break in Excel
- Rotate Text in Excel (Text Orientation)
- Row Vs Column (Difference)
- How to Automatically Add Serial Numbers in Excel
- How to Insert Delta Symbol Δ in Excel in a Cell
- How to Insert/Type DEGREE Symbol in Excel
- Top 10 Benefits of Microsoft Excel – Why YOU Should Learn it in 2020
- Set Print Area in Excel
- Delete Blank Rows in Excel
- How to Convert a Formula to Value in Excel
- Highlight Top-Bottom N Values in Excel
- Excel for Accountants
- Sort By Date, Date and Time & Reverse Date Sort
- How to use Find and Replace Option in Excel

## Keyboard Shortcuts for Excel

Following are some of the useful keyboard shortcuts that you learn to perform activities quickly.

- Absolute Reference
- Add Column
- Add New Sheet
- Insert Row(s)
- Apply-Remove Filter
- AutoSum
- Clear Contents
- Delete Row(s)
- Drag Down
- Find & Replace
- Merge-Unmerge Cells
- Open Format Cells Options
- Print Preview
- Save As
- Show Formulas
- Strikethrough
- Subscript
- Superscript
- Undo – Redo
- Wrap Text
- Zoom in – Zoom Out
- Unhide Columns
- Switch Tabs (Worksheets)
- Select Row
- Copy and Paste
- Cut and Paste
- Freeze Pane
- Format Painter
- Paste Values
- Edit Cell
- Check Mark
- Auto Fit
- Add Comments
- Add Indent
- Align Center
- Apply Border
- Delete Sheet
- Full Screen
- Group
- Hyperlink
- Transpose

## Microsoft Excel Basic Functions

Excel Functions are one of the key features of Excel. It helps you to perform basic calculations as well as complex. Below I have listed 10 Basic Excel Functions that you need to learn.

- String Functions
- Date Functions
- Time Functions
- Logical Functions
- Math Functions
- Statistical Functions
- Lookup Functions
- Information Functions
- Financial Functions

Other: SUMPRODUCT | INT

## Recommended Books

Below are my two favorite Excel books for beginners which every person who is starting out with Excel should read.

- Excel 2016 for Dummies: This book covers everything you need to know to perform the task at hand. Includes information on creating and editing worksheets, formatting cells, and entering formulas […]
- Microsoft Excel 2016 Bible: Whether you are just starting out or an Excel novice, the Excel 2016 Bible is your comprehensive, go-to guide for all your Excel 2016 needs Whether you use Excel at work or […]

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