How to use Excel WEEKNUM Function

    how to use excel weeknum function

    Quick Intro

    WEEKNUM Function can help you to get the week number of a date. In simple words, it will return week number from the total 52 weeks in a year for the date you specify.

    Let’s say, if you specify 31-Dec-2016, it will return 52 in the result. The reason is that 31-Dec-2016 is in the week 52.



    serial_number  A serial number which represents the date for which you want to get the week number.

    return_type  A number to specify the starting day of the first week of the year. You have two systems to specify starting date of the week.

    • System 1:    In this system, the week which has January 1 is the first week of the year.
    • System 2:   In this system, the week containing the first Thursday of the year is the first week of the year. This system is based on the European week numbering system.

    You can use following numbers for the return type.

    1 or omittedSystem 1: Starting From Sunday
    2System 1: Starting From Monday
    11System 2: Starting From Monday
    12System 2: Starting From Tuesday
    13System 2: Starting From Wednesday
    14System 2: Starting From Thursday
    15System 2: Starting From Friday
    16System 2: Starting From Saturday
    17System 2: Starting From Sunday
    21System 2: Starting From Monday

    More Information on Excel WEEKNUM Function

    • Excel stores the dates in serial numbers so that you can only use date which has the valid serial numbers.
    • If the serial number of date is out of range for the current date base value, a #NUM! is returned.
    • If the return type is out of the range specified in the table above, a #NUM! is returned.


    In the below example, we have used TODAY Function with weeknum to get the week number of the current date. It will update the week number automatically every time when the date is changed.

    Examples To Understand Excel Weeknum Function With Today Function

    In the below example, we have added text “Week-” with the week number for a meaningful result. This can help me to categorize date on week basis.

    Examples To Understand Excel Weeknum Function

    Sample File

    download sample file to learn more about this tips

    What’s Next?

    To learn more about Excel WEEKNUM Function you can check Microsoft’s Help Section. And, if you have a unique idea to use it, I would love to hear from you.

    There is also you have WEEKDAY  function which is highly useful. And apart from this, I have a list of excel functions and some real life formulas examples.