Excel LOWER Function

HomeExcel FunctionsExcel LOWER Function (Example + Sample File)


The Excel LOWER Function is listed under Microsoft Excel's Text Functions category. It returns the string after converting all the letters in small. In simple words, it converts a text string where all the letters you have are in small letters, numbers will stay intact.

How to use it

To learn how to use the LOWER function in Excel, you need to understand its syntax and arguments:




  • text: The text which you want to convert to the lowercase.


  • Anything other than letters will remain unaffected.
  • If the referred text is an error it will return an error in the result.
  • You can also insert text string directly into the function by using double quotation marks.


A lower case text has all the letters in a small case compared to others.

Related functions

This tutorial is the part of our Excel Functions with Examples (Function Guide) and below are some of the related functions:

About the Author

Puneet Gogia

Puneet is using Excel since his college days. He helped thousands of people to understand the power of the spreadsheets and learn Microsoft Excel. You can find him online, tweeting about Excel, on a running track, or sometimes hiking up a mountain.