How to Calculate T-Test (T.Test) Google Sheets


- Written by Puneet

What is T.Test in Google Sheets?

A t-test is a statistical test used to determine whether a significant difference between the means of two groups may be related to certain features.

T.Test Function in Google Sheets

In Google Sheets, there is a function with the name T.TEST, which you can use to calculate the T-Test. In this tutorial, we will use this function with the data we have as a sample.


The syntax for the T.TEST function in Google Sheets is:

T.TEST(range1, range2, tails, type)

This function is essential for statistical testing in experimental data analysis, allowing for hypothesis testing regarding differences in means between groups.

Use the T.Test Function in Google Sheet

Use the below steps to calculate the T-Test in Google Sheets.

  • First, enter the function in the cell by typing the name of the function (T.Test).
  • Next, in the first argument, specify the range where you have the first data set.
  • After that, in the second argument, specify the range where you have the second data set.
  • In the third argument, specify the tailed distribution using a numeric value.
    • (1) for the one-tailed distribution.
    • (2) for the two-tailed distribution.
  • In the end, in the fourth argument, specify the type of the T-Test using a numeric value.
    • For paired test, use 1.
    • For a two-sample equal variance test (homoscedastic), use 2.
    • For two-sample unequal variance (heteroscedastic), use 3.

The moment you hit enter, the result is returned to the cell which is 0.6544950556 and means that there is not a statistically significant difference.


Interpret the Result

The result of the T.TEST function is the p-value:

  • P-value < 0.05 typically means you reject the null hypothesis, suggesting a statistically significant difference between the group means.
  • P-value >= 0.05 suggests there is not a statistically significant difference.

When is the T.TEST Function Useful?

  • Compare the means from two different groups to see if there is a significant difference between them.
  • Validate assumptions if sample sizes are too small for a normal approximation to be applicable.
  • Assess the effects in before-and-after studies using paired samples.

Important Points to Remember

  • The third (tail) and fourth (type) arguments need to be in a numeric value.
  • Range 1 and Range 2 need to have the same count of data points.

Choosing the Right T-Test Type

  • Use the paired sample t-test (one-tailed distribution) when comparing two sets of related data, such as studying a before-and-after scenario with the same subjects.
  • Use the two-sample equal variance t-test (two-tailed distribution) when comparing the means of two independent groups, assuming both groups come from populations with equal variances.

Sample Workbook

Last Updated: May 05, 2024