VBA SPLIT Function

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What is VBA SPLIT Function

The VBA SPLIT function is listed under the array category of VBA functions. When you use it in a VBA code, it splits the specified string into multiple sub-strings using a delimiter. In simple words, you can split a text into multiple values using a delimiter.

how to use it

To use VBA's SPLIT function you need to understand its syntax and arguments:


Split(Expression, [Delimiter], [Limit], [Compare])


  • Expression: The original text string which you want to split.
  • [Delimiter]: The delimiter that you want to use while splitting the Expression [This is an optional argument and if omitted VBA takes “ ” by default].
  • [Limit]: An integer to specify the maximum number of substrings to be returned [This is an optional argument and if omitted VBA takes -1 to return all substrings by default].
  • [Compare]: A string value to define the comparison to make while filtering array [This is an optional argument and if omitted VBA takes vbBinaryCompare by default].
    • vbBinaryCompare: For binary comparison.
    • vbTextCompare: For text comparison.
    • vbDatabaseCompare: For Database Comparison.

Example to use SPLIT Function in VBA

To practically understand how to use VBA SPLIT function, you need to go through the below example where we have written a vba code by using it:

Sub example_SPLIT()
Range("B1").Value = Split(Range("A1"), "-")
End Sub

In the above code, we have used the SPLIT to split the string from the cell A1 using the “-” delimiter and it has returned the result in the cell B1.

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Puneet is using Excel since his college days. He helped thousands of people to understand the power of the spreadsheets and learn Microsoft Excel. You can find him online, tweeting about Excel, on a running track, or sometimes hiking up a mountain.